|German Shepherd Puppies|
578 Hilton Memory Road, Vidalia, Ga.
30474 USA Phone: 912 538 7028
|Puppies for Sale|
Care and Feeding
Parents - Wu & Sarah
Our Memorial Web Site
As we all already know, infant feeding of mothers milk is paramount. Not just for necessary nutrients, but the antibodies that pass to the litter keep them strong and protected from plenty of unwanted and unnecessary illness and diseases. When the mother can or will not nurse, for whatever reasons, or if there are just too many in the litter for her to nourish, it is our obligation to assist and insure the best possible chance for the health and longevity to each member of the litter.
Warm formula to body temperature (dogs are 101 degrees). Discard any un-used formula. This is a thick mixture. Use a stomach tube to tube feed or enlarge the hole in the nipple to get an easy access for pup.
The first 36 hours of a puppies life is the critical period nutritionally. Healthy puppies will nurse right away and then every few hours. The pups must nurse from their mother within 12 hours of birth to receive her antibodies against disease. After 12 hours, their stomachs will not absorb antibodies. After this first 12 hours, if the mother does not have enough milk, or if her litter is too large, then the pups' diet could be supplemented with commercial puppy milk replacer. Remember, cow's milk is nutritionally inadequate for puppies.
Supplemental heat should only be used for orphans or if the room's temperature is too cold for the mother's comfort. A newborn pup can't generate body heat until it develops the shiver reflex, at about two and half weeks of age. Orphan pups need an environmental temperature of about 97°F (36°C) the first week, in the mid 80's the second week, then in the 70's. They should also be kept off the ground. If the mother is there to keep the pups warm, high temperatures are unnecessary and will make her uncomfortable.
If you have more than one puppy to raise, provide separate boxes and beds. With separate quarters you can monitor bowel eliminations and food intake.
Orphan puppies less than one week old must be stimulated to urinate and eliminate. This is accomplished by gentle massage of the abdomen and genital area with a piece of cotton wool or tissue, dampened with warm water. Normally the mother takes care of this.
|Our two year shepherd had twelve puppies her first time out. We really had to scramble, to figure out how to feed them. We used the following modified version of Ed Frawley's formula for supplemental feeding of our litter of twelve. Our formula was approved by our veterinarian, and is as follows:
|We warmed the formula to body temperature (101 degrees), in the microwave. The formula is very thick so we just enlarged the holes on preemie nipples we got at the local hospital, to get enough formula to flow for the pups. Newborn shepherd pups are Sooo small.|
|Since the first 36 hours of a pups life is critical nutritionally, so if mother will help with the nursing we just swapped off the puppies every two hours, around the clock, for the first two weeks. This was to insure they received the antibodies necessary to ward off disease and sickness. Since the mother didn't have enough milk for everyone, because her litter was too large, the pup's diet was supplemented with this formula and our end result was a full litter of healthy pups.|
|As our pups capacity to feed grew beyond the formula we added two tablespoons of Bil-Jac dog food to thicken and enrich the formula to help keep their little bellies full. We continued to adjust the amount of Bil-Jac slowly increasing the amount until the pups were about 5 weeks old. At this point we began to hand feed them the Bil-Jac every other time we fed them. By the time they were 6 weeks old they were all eating without any assistance, totally weaned off mama, and gaining weight at a phenomenal rate.|
|Our veterinarian came out to the house several times during the pups early days, and was continuously checking their progress including giving them their first rounds of shots as needed. In fact, he was so impressed with our results, he began using this same formula at the Animal Medical Center, and recommending it to other people.
Every one of the twelve shepherd pups survived, all are very healthy, and all are thriving in their respective new homes. At the six months point females weighed between 55 and 65 pounds, and the males between 60 and 75 pounds. At the year and a half point, the females weighed between 65 and 80 pounds, with the males weighing between 90 and 110 pounds. We believe the success of this litter is a direct result of Leerburg's Formula.